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Informe del Relator Especial sobre la situación de los indígenas, James Anaya; Este Informe tiene un preambulo en ingles pero todo el articulo esta escrito en Español


rEPORT OF THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE SITUATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOM OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES

 

Body Session Date Symbol Title Documents
GA 59th 12/08/2004 A/59/258 The situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people E F S A C R
GA 60th 16/09/2005 A/60/358 Report of Mr. Rodolfo Stavenhagen, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on the situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people E F S A C R
GA 61st 03/10/2006 A/61/490 Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people, Rodolfo Stavenhagen E F S A C R
GA 62nd 21/08/2007 A/62/286 Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people E F S A C R
GA 62nd 30/10/2007 A/62/286/Corr.1 Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people E F S A C R
GA 64th 04/09/2009 A/64/338 Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people, James Anaya E F S A C R
GA 64th 24/11/2009 A/64/436 Indigenous issues – Report of the Third Committee E F S A C R
GA 65th 09/08/2010 A/65/264 Interim report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people, James Anaya E F S A C R
GA 65th 02/12/2010 A/65/453 Indigenous issues – Report of the Third Committee E F S A C R
GA 66th 10/08/2011 A/66/288 Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples E F S A C R
GA 67th 13/08/2012 A/67/301 Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples E F S A C R
GA 68th 14/08/2013 A/68/317 Report of the Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples E F S A C R
HRC 10th 14/01/2009 A/HRC/10/51 The rights of indigenous peoples – Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights E F S A C R
HRC 11th 18/02/2009 A/HRC/11/11 Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people, Rodolfo Stavenhagen – Mission to Bolivia E F S A C R
HRC 12th 15/07/2009 A/HRC/12/34 Report of the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights and fundamental freedoms of indigenous people, James Anaya E F S A C R

 

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Chile

During 2011 and 2012, Sebastián Piñera’s government faced student unrest and other protests that often ended in the destruction of property and violent clashes between police and demonstrators. Police abuses, including inappropriate use of anti-riot weapons and ill-treatment of detainees, were reported. The Piñera administration has ended the trial of civilians by military courts and amended elements of counterterrorism legislation that were incompatible with international standards of due process. However, military courts that lack independence from the military hierarchy still try police accused of human rights abuses. The government has invoked the counterterrrorism law to punish the aggravated homicide of two farmers in their home by a group of hooded intruders.

Most recorded cases of extrajudicial executions and enforced disappearances committed during military rule (1973-1990) have been heard in court or are now under judicial investigation. Judges continue to convict former military personnel for these crimes. However, final sentences are often unacceptably lenient given the seriousness of the crimes.

The passage of a law protecting sexual minorities and other vulnerable groups from discrimination was a notable advance in 2012. Abortion continues to be prohibited in all circumstances, even when the mother’s life is at risk.

Police Abuses

In 2011 and 2012, student marches and occupations demanding educational reforms sometimes ended in violent clashes in which police were injured and public and private property destroyed. A policeman was shot dead in September 2012 during disturbances on the anniversary of the 1973 military coup. Carabineros (uniformed police) sometimes used excessive force against protestors, including the misuse of non-lethal anti-riot weaponry such as tear gas and rubber bullets, arbitrary arrests, and the ill-treatment of detainees.

During February and March protests over regional economic and social demands in Aysen, southern Chile, local human rights monitors reported that police special anti-riot forces fired water-cannons and tear gas into homes, and shot tear gas cartridges directly at people. A 49-year-old mechanic, Teófilo Haro, was blinded by a steel pellet in the eye fired by a Carabinero, according to press reports. At a meeting of the Congressional Human Rights Commission, the head of Carabineros admitted the use of excessive force, and that metal shotgun pellets had been used incorrectly. The government spokesperson said in August 2012 that abuses by the police were “completely and categorically rejected, and immediately investigated.”

At this writing, a police sergeant faced charges before a military court for unlawful use of lethal force in connection with the fatal shooting of 16-year-old student Manuel Gutiérrez Reynoso while he was watching a demonstration in August 2011 from a Santiago footbridge during a national strike.

Reports of police abuses against Mapuches during evictions of occupied land and attempts to arrest suspects in Mapuche communities continue. In July 2012, Carabineros fired rubber bullets at a group of Mapuches outside a hospital in Collipulli, in the southern region of Araucanía, where doctors were checking the injuries of people detained during a land eviction. According to an eyewitness, the shots were fired at short range, without provocation or warning, wounding seven people, including a 13-year-old girl and two 17-year-old boys.

 

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Ratification of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, January 2013

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